Summer of Gaming Week 3: Steven E. Hugg, Game Developer

One of my most favorite games while growing up was a small shareware game that went by the name of Comet Busters. Having discovered it from my cousin approximately in 2001 off a shareware game CD, I was glued to this game for years until I had gotten ahold of my first AAA game, Halo. This game remained a favorite due to to the multiplayer capability, simplicity and how addictive it was.


Fortunately, Steven Hugg was still around and still does development work. He agreed to tell me about his ventures and let me share them.

Tell me a bit about yourself. How did you wind up doing programming work?

My dad got into computers when I was a kid. He wire-wrapped them from kits and eventually bought an Apple II. I wrote programs in BASIC, assembly and whatever other languages I could get my hands on.


That’s pretty cool! I never got into PC programming initially, but in 1999 I was given an old IBM PS/2 to mess around with. I learned EDLIN one Saturday and from instructions wrote my first “phonebook” program” from directions in the back of an old DOS book. Never really did any coding in my kid years till I hit 19 and discovered Game Maker Studio in 2006.



How did the idea for Comet Busters come about?

Someone I knew in college had Borland Pascal for Windows and I was eager to try some Windows programming. I hung out in his room and hacked up a Missile Command-like game, which is on the registered version of CB. I wanted to try a more complex Windows game with sprites, which was not something very well supported at the time. Eventually I learned enough of the Windows API to make it sort of work.


What happened next? How did you playtest, finalize a stable version of Comet Busters to distribute? What was the process of “I made a game, I have to put it out there!” before the WWW-era?

I sat on it awhile, then decided to polish it up and release it. I bought a raytracing book and used its software to make the sprites. Playtesting was mostly by friends in the dorm, which is why multiplayer was an early priority. I made a help file because that was what everyone did back then.

Releasing was just a matter of using a shareware tool to build an installer, figuring out the price ($9) and uploading to local BBSs. I didn’t expect any registrations, but they started arriving at my parents’ house from all over the world. My mom was a good sport about shipping them out while I was away at school.


I do remember that help file. Was a lot of fun to read. I related to that line of “just your average ship with a broken AM radio” back in the day; my dad had an 88′ Ford Econoline van with just that; no A/C, no power windows and a broken AM radio. What do you think a ship with neon ground effects would’ve been? πŸ™‚

Yeah, like many others of that generation I probably got my sense of humor from Infocom games πŸ™‚ I went to school in Florida so I understand neon ground effects — “fluorescence essence” as I’ve heard it called. Maybe the disruptor effect in Comet kinda recalls that aesthetic.


That’s not too dissimilar from what I’ve heard from a few different folks who were releasing games. A lot of people I had talked or read stories about, their “companies” turned out to be one-man operations in which they were shipping diskettes out of their houses. The trait was quit common; does this surprise you any?

Not anymore, I’ve read plenty of stories about lone developers and floppy disks in bags (and purchased a couple!) — Halcyon Days is an especially good account ( I can’t remember if a particular shareware game gave me the idea to sell registrations; it may have been Wolf3D (DOOM wasn’t out yet)


Also along with that, how successful did Comet Busters turn out to be? Did this success inspire you to continue doing computer programming? Did you shift focus to go after general programming or to continue making games?

More successful than I expected, which is to say greater than zero. I sold maybe 3000-5000 registered copies, and we had a map on the wall with thumb tacks from the different countries that sent us registrations in all sorts of currency. One little girl sent us a colored pencil drawing of the first level with little spitballs for stars. One kid wrote us claiming that playing Comet Busters made him reunite with his dad. It was great, but I was interested in all sorts of programming domains beyond just games — although I was excited by how fast the technology was progressing.


That’s really something to make you stop and think when something you made affected someone. I’m really glad that you had success with it. It’s really interesting and even heartwarming to hear about the stories that got sent to you. To add to your pile, I have one to share!

Comet Busters was one of the games I played very frequently back in 1999. My brother and I were often the ones who played together, sometimes the cousin I keep mentioning as well. We all liked it because we could all play together at one time, rather than do “watch while someone plays” with the limited amount of games we had back then. We were often very possessive of the ship colors, very particular of who played what color (yes, we played over who liked which color, not who was player 1).

I don’t remember when, but possibly 2001ish, my brother and my cousin came up with the grand idea of write a story about Comet Busters. While it never really got “written”, it had a few doodles and hours of talking that spurned from it. We had imagined that we had a “baseship” (which was a giant blue space-capable Concorde*) that the ships would launch from, planets hiring us to “get rid of comets” for them before it’d cause problems.

Most of these ideas sprouted from boredom at family outings when we weren’t allowed computer usage or to bring out toys, just stuck with each other and nothing else to do while the families talked. One time we had to rescue a princess who got kidnapped by the smiley-face enemies (who happened to really and very coincidentally resemble Princess Odette from The Swan Princess cartoon movies ** ). Another was finding aliens who were breaking up a planet and causing the comet/asteroids to fly to different planets. It was if every visit was an “episode”, much like a show. Who knew what would happen next time!

As such, nothing except the memory of those remain. It was just kid dreams and imaginations. I actually never thought that I would ever talk to the person who created Comet Busters and tell him/you about my Comet Busters experience, so that’s my two bits that I finally make an unexpected milestone with, heh. πŸ™‚

(* Drew a quick draft of it with some free time. Scroll below)

(** I got my cousin to recall some details on this particular thing and drew the character. Go to the bottom of the page for a snap of the past)

That’s great, I enjoy hearing that kind of stuff. Video games were one of my earliest obsessions too. It’s funny to hear stories about people that have played it, because I did not meet anyone who had (or maybe I forgot to ask) until maybe 10 years ago when a coworker told me he had a registered copy!


Glad I entertained you with that! I only met one person randomly in a gaming lobby years back (2005) who knew Comet Busters (It was either Space Empires or Halo). I was griping about how the UFO would “mind its own business to just dodge it” in a vague reference. Said person pipes up “That thing DOESN’T mind its own business”. Beyond that, my cousin was the only person outside of our house that I knew that had played the game.

Heh, I forget whether I made the alien aim at you or not. It’s there in the source code somewhere πŸ˜‰


At that point, what kind of strides had technology made that made you excited? What did you branch out into next?

Well, I was still interested in games, so I fooled around with the 3D APIs that were coming out (there was almost a Comet 3D, but the software renderers were still too slow). After Quake came out I figured Carmack had that under control. I did a couple of apps like a VOIP phone and a video encoder for early Java applets that never really went anywhere. So I got a job at a web startup doing message board software, which is another story…


Wow, a 3D Comet Busters? That would’ve been a treat if it had come out. ?

Maybe… but Tie Fighter was pretty good, I doubt I could have topped that πŸ˜‰


The first time I discovered your software was off a cousin’s copy off a Softkey CD “100 Great Kids Game”. The guy who made Softkey is a story in itself; how did you manage to get Comet Busters bundled with the CD?

I don’t think I knew about that one, but the shareware version of Comet was bundled with a lot of CDs. I remember finding one in the Best Buy bargain bin. Sometimes the publishers would send me a copy out of the blue, so for instance I got a CD set from Japan and a French CD with half shareware and half, uh, adult content πŸ˜› The one time I considered a special build for a CD publisher I almost got involved in a lawsuit brought by a famous toy company… which is another story…


Hmm, that was an…ahem, interesting mix of content on a CD. :S I’m actually curious what kind of games was on the Japanese one now. Darn.

In brevity, Softkey was a small startup company that made money bundling software like yours into CD’s like the “100 Great Games for Kids” and sold them across the country. It started out with a guy borrowing $10,000 from his mom before burning CD’s in his basement back in the early 90s. Softkey became the top dog out of everyone, the guy who had started it having made billions in a few years. In the mid to later 90’s he bought out hundreds of software companies, including The Learning Company. This guy is no other than Kevin O’Leary, the famous billionaire that shows up on the TV reality show Shark Tank.

I’ll have to go back in my archives and see if I got an email from them at some point πŸ˜›


Without starting another story (unless you don’t mind), pray tell what sprites led to this brouhaha?

The lawsuit? It was in 2000, when a large toy company bought the IP of a large video game company and started suing game publishers for infringement. There was a bit of press on it back then. I think it was dropped quickly, but I got deposed, which meant I had to hire a lawyer and answer questions like “Is it true that when you shoot a large rock it breaks into two medium rocks?”


In this current day and age, what do you do in your field currently? I know you had mentioned web design.

I’ve worn many hats, but my current “day job” is Heytell, which is a voice-messaging app for iOS, Android, and Windows Phone. My wife and I quit our jobs and traveled the country with our cat developing this app, and it went big in 2011.


With the advent of game creation engines in the last few years such as Construct, Unity and others, its become a bit easier to make games (although you still need to have some coding know-how). Have you ever thought with dabbling with games again in light of these new tools?

Yeah, I did play with Unity experimenting with procedural fractal geometry, and I was impressed by how easy it was to hack something together with lighting and shadows and everything. I also made a human-vs-AI board game called Feldspar ( using libGDX. I’m not sure it’s strictly easier making games nowadays, since you have fewer limitations to keep you constrained. Pico-8 looks interesting, it’s an 8-bit “fantasy console” programmable in Lua.


Traveling with your job, that seems pretty exciting. Glad to hear you’re still up to things nowadays! (I checked out your Feldspar game; I love the music)



Do you do any current-day gaming? If so, what are some of the games you play?

I do, but not as often as I used to. The last AAA I played was GTA V. I also played Kerbal Space Program for a bit. When we have nieces or nephews over I bring out the OUYA and we play BombSquad multiplayer.


Anything special in the works that you have planned and/or we should look out for?

Hmmm… there is always something in the works but I’m not ready to put the latest thing into words yet πŸ˜‰


That’s actually the last of my questions, so if you have anything relevant to add, I think I’m done asking questions. πŸ™‚

Great talking with you! I hope you seek out other shareware devs and get their oral history too. I’m kind of curious to hear what my peers were up to back then!

Hoo, don’t worry, I did seek out. May be a bit behind, but I most certainly did. πŸ™‚ It was really great to be able to talk to a developer behind one of my favorite childhood games. I never thought it would’ve happened, now it did! Took a bit of time afterwards, heh.


And why are you still…oh, that. Yeah.

I had a talk with my cousin about any details about our old Comet Buster stories, specifically about the one with the princess. He recalled a few details about her, but not much about the story:

“The princess? Blonde, purple and grays. She was a space princess, but had a puffy dress like those Disney ones. In fact, I think her dress was almost black on the bottom part. Very clean-cut, though. Her name was Princess Titania, I think.”

“All I remember was that she was in a bubble since she was in space obviously. Don’t know how the smiley face enemies got ahold of her, or why. That’s all I got.”

– M. Sriram

So going with that, I did a quickie rendition doodle of this gal based on that info. Wasn’t a big 2h+ piece of art so sue me. Still, looked Adventure-Timey from the style.



Ladies and Gentlemen, Princess Titania…of Titania maybe? Don’t know the world. >.>;;


Also a bit drafty, but this is what supposedly that blue Concorde baseship looked liked. Six engines, fatter nose and two main guns recessed into the hull. I actually did recover a name, too. The Zaracer.

I really need to clean up sketchys. :/


Our Comet Busters baseship the Zaracer. Back in the day, the more engines = the faster it went.


And that does it for this week!

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  1. Tyler Wood

    Hi there, it’s SilverCheesecake (from the Comet Busters video)! I really enjoyed reading this! Kudos to the developer in all he’s done with it! It’s sad that the threat of lawsuits had to be involved in this – really rather unfair in my opinion. But in an age where floppy disks practically ruled the galaxy, this game must’ve been a real treat, not to mention how it helped a child reunite with his dad (and admittedly, I played this a lot with my dad back in my childhood days too!) And yeah, those dang UFOs… do they not have anything better to do with their time?? XD

    Great interview! Very thorough and informative, I had fun reading it!!